[45] Most business and official meetings are conducted in English and nearly all official websites are in English. The Seychelles president, who is head of state and head of government, is elected by popular vote for a five(5) year term of office. Overview of conservation efforts in the Seychelles. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Constitutional framework and local government, https://www.britannica.com/place/Seychelles, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Seychelles, Seychelles - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Seychelles - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Precipitation is somewhat less on the other islands. Local sculptors produce fine works in wood, stone, bronze and cartonnage. There are 67 raised coral islands in the Aldabra Group, west of the Farquhar Group: Aldabra Atoll (comprising 46 islands—Grande Terre, Picard, Polymnie, Malabar, Île Michel, Île Esprit, Île aux Moustiques, Ilot Parc, Ilot Émile, Ilot Yangue, Ilot Magnan, Île Lanier, Champignon des Os, Euphrate, Grand Mentor, Grand Ilot, Gros Ilot Gionnet, Gros Ilot Sésame, Héron Rock, Hide Island, Île aux Aigrettes, Île aux Cèdres, Îles Chalands, Île Fangame, Île Héron, Île Michel, Île Squacco, Île Sylvestre, Île Verte, Ilot Déder, Ilot du Sud, Ilot du Milieu, Ilot du Nord, Ilot Dubois, Ilot Macoa, Ilot Marquoix, Ilots Niçois, Ilot Salade, Middle Row Island, Noddy Rock, North Row Island, Petit Mentor, Petit Mentor Endans, Petits Ilots, Pink Rock and Table Ronde), Assumption Island, Astove and Cosmoledo Atoll (comprising 19 islands—Menai, Île du Nord (West North), Île Nord-Est (East North), Île du Trou, Goélettes, Grand Polyte, Petit Polyte, Grand Île (Wizard), Pagode, Île du Sud-Ouest (South), Île aux Moustiques, Île Baleine, Île aux Chauve-Souris, Île aux Macaques, Île aux Rats, Île du Nord-Ouest, Île Observation, Île Sud-Est and Ilot la Croix). Nowadays, Seychellois Creole is often laced with English words and phrases. Searchable map/satellite view of Seychelles. The Seychellois government closely monitors the quantity and status of the trees, and, although commerce is regulated to prevent overharvesting, poaching is a concern. Since 1981 a system of free education has been in effect, requiring attendance by all children in grades one to nine, beginning at age five. Temperatures on Mahé vary from 24 to 30 °C (75 to 86 °F), and rainfall ranges from 2,900 mm (114 in) annually at Victoria to 3,600 mm (142 in) on the mountain slopes. The rest of the Outer Islands (Îles Eloignées) are the last district recently created by the tourism ministry. 9 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons", "President of Seychelles signs treaty banning nuclear weapons, meets with leaders at UN", "Highest to Lowest – Prison Population Rates Across the World", "Data for prison population in Seychelles", "A Pirate's Prison Tucked Inside Seychelles Paradise", ADST interview with U.S. All the private schools are on Mahé, and the International School has a branch on Praslin. In recent years oil has been imported from Kuwait and also from Bahrain. [15] There was a gun battle at the airport, and most of the mercenaries later escaped in a hijacked Air India plane. Contemporary Seychelles’ artists trained in universities the world over since the independence of the country in 1976, particularly, have been free to express themselves in a variety of styles. Most of the islands lie outside the cyclone belt, so high winds are rare.[32]. [61] Unwed mothers are the societal norm, and the law requires fathers to support their children. Of the roughly 200 plant species found in Seychelles, some 80 are unique to the islands, including screw pines (see pandanus), several varieties of jellyfish trees, latanier palms, the bois rouge, the bois de fer, Wright’s gardenia, and the most famous, the coco de mer. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}4°35′S 55°40′E / 4.583°S 55.667°E / -4.583; 55.667, – in Africa (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union (light blue), Seychelles (/seɪˈʃɛlz/ (listen); French: [sɛʃɛl][5][6][7] or [seʃɛl][8]), officially the Republic of Seychelles (French: République des Seychelles; Creole: La Repiblik Sesel), is an archipelagic island country in the Indian Ocean at the eastern edge of the Somali Sea. Sailing, diving, fishing and relaxing are the main activities for visitors to the 115 islands of this Indian Ocean archipelago. The Catholic and Anglican churches opened mission schools in 1851. Maphill is the web's largest map gallery. [48][49] Learn about efforts to protect the Seychelles' wildlife. Seychelles was uninhabited prior to being encountered by Europeans in the 16th century. From 1976 until 2015, nominal GDP grew nearly sevenfold, and purchasing power parity increased nearly sixteenfold. Seychelles imports oil from the Persian Gulf in the form of refined petroleum derivatives at the rate of about 5,700 barrels per day (910 m3/d). This can make it rather difficult to maintain a good overview of the country's geography. Seychelles' previous president France Albert René came to power after his supporters overthrew the first president James Mancham on 5 June 1977 in a coup d'état and installed him as president. Since proclaiming independence from the United Kingdom in 1976, Seychelles has developed from a largely agricultural society to a market-based diversified economy, characterized by rapidly rising service, public sector, and tourism activities. The country is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, and the Commonwealth of Nations. Staple foods include fish, seafood and shellfish dishes, often accompanied with rice. He also served as the Leader of the Opposition from 1998 to 2011 and 2016 to 2020. The cabinet is presided over and appointed by the president, subject to the approval of a majority of the legislature. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The granitic islands of Seychelles may support distinct species of Seychelles giant tortoises; the status of the different populations is currently unclear. Since the use of spearguns and dynamite for fishing was banned through efforts of local conservationists in the 1960s, the wildlife is unafraid of snorkelers and divers. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Beach on the island of La Digue, Seychelles. Still, the island retains its idyllic beauty, with 3,000-foot mountains … Seychelles’ government has established several nature preserves and marine parks, including the Aldabra Islands and Vallée de Mai National Park, both UNESCO World Heritage sites. Bliss Hotel Praslin. Its capital and largest city, Victoria, lies 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) east of mainland Africa. In 1971, with the opening of Seychelles International Airport, tourism became a significant industry, essentially dividing the economy into plantations and tourism. Considerable efforts have been made to preserve the islands’ marked biodiversity. The Catholic mission later operated boys' and girls' secondary schools with religious brothers and nuns from abroad even after the government became responsible for them in 1944. Broadcasts run between 3 pm and 11:30 pm on weekdays and longer hours during the weekends. They have a total area of 244 km2, accounting for 54% of the total land area of the Seychelles and 98% of the entire population. The Seychelles Islands are known for their incomparable beauty, with white sandy beaches and stunning scenery being the norm for this gem of the Indian Ocean. The national currency of Seychelles is the Seychellois rupee. Coral bleaching in 1998 has damaged most reefs, but some reefs show healthy recovery (e.g., Silhouette Island). The lively Sega dance with its elegant hip-swaying and shuffling of the feet is still popular as is the traditional Moutya, a mysterious, dance dating back to the days of slavery when it was often used as an outlet for strong emotions and as a way of expressing discontent. There are also imported English and French language television programmes imported on Seychellois terrestrial television and international satellite television has grown rapidly in recent years. Seychellois Creole is the most widely spoken native language and de facto the national language of the country. The British administration employed Indians on indentured servitude to the same degree as in Mauritius resulting in a small Indian population. The most popular sport in Seychelles is basketball, which has particularly developed last decade. Since the worldwide economic crises of 2008, the Seychelles government has prioritised a curbing of the budget deficit, including the containment of social welfare costs and further privatisation of public enterprises. There are a total of 68 schools in Seychelles. The southeast trade winds blow regularly from May to November, and this is the most pleasant time of the year. A form of percussion music called contombley is popular, as is Moutya, a fusion of native folk rhythms with Kenyan benga. Distance Calculator. National Assembly business is conducted in Creole, but laws are passed and published in English. The Supreme Court of Seychelles, created in 1903, is the highest trial court in Seychelles and the first court of appeal from all the lower courts and tribunals. Situated between latitudes 4° and 11° S and longitudes 46° and 56° E, the major islands of Seychelles are located about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) east of Kenya and about 700 miles (1,100 km) northeast of Madagascar. The Minister of Culture then said that an exhibition which featured the works of artists, painters and sculptors was a testimony to the development of art in Seychelles as a creative form of expression and gave a view of the state of contemporary art in Seychelles. "Safeguarding Tourism and Tuna: Seychelles’ Fight against the Somali Piracy Problem." Ramkalawan was an opposition MP from 1993 to 2011 and 2016 to 2020. Seychelles is located in the Indian Ocean. Get a free map for … The main daily newspaper is the Seychelles Nation, dedicated to local government views and current affairs and topics. The prime agricultural products currently produced in Seychelles include sweet potatoes, vanilla, coconuts and cinnamon. Frozen and canned fish, copra, cinnamon and vanilla are the main export commodities. The Seychelles has a diverse and upcoming group of artists who draw inspiration from the Islands around them. Other birds include Cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) and Fairy terns (Gygis alba). Map of the Seychelles The Seychelles archipelago has much to offer, with a total of 115 different islands . Since independence in 1976, per capita output has expanded to roughly seven times the old near-subsistence level. Foreign newspapers and magazines are readily available in most bookshops and newsagents. Seychellois culture and society is an eclectic mix of French, British, and African influences, with more recent infusions of Chinese and Indian elements. [23][24][25] On 28 September 2016, the Office of the President announced that Michel would step down effective 16 October, and that Vice President Danny Faure would complete the rest of Michel's term. An island nation, Seychelles is located in the Somali Sea segment of the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar and about 1,600 km (994 mi) east of Kenya. The nearby Cousine Island is part private resort and part nature preserve, noted for its sea turtles, giant tortoises, and assorted land birds. Seychelles, one of the world’s smallest countries, is composed of two main island groups: the Mahé group of more than 40 central, mountainous granitic islands and a second group of more than 70 outer, flat, coralline islands. [36] The Aldabra giant tortoise now populates many of the islands of Seychelles; the Aldabra population is the largest remaining. In the 1980s there were a series of coup attempts against President René, some of which were supported by South Africa. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Since the late 2010s, the government has taken steps to encourage foreign investment. These products provide much of the economic support of the locals. It contains the … The islands of the Mahé group are rocky and typically have a narrow coastal strip and a central range of hills. Biggest Islands Of Seychelles Mahe. They are located on Mahé, Praslin, La Digue and Silhouette. [17] Clodo later stood trial in South Africa (where he was acquitted) as well as in his home country Germany for air piracy. Seychelles imports three times more oil than is needed for internal uses because it re-exports the surplus oil in the form of bunker for ships and aircraft calling at Mahé. Ninety percent of all children attend nursery school at age four. An archipelagic island country in the Somali Sea region of the Indian Ocean, Seychelles is located in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth. There are seven post-secondary (non-tertiary) schools: the Seychelles Polytechnic, School of Advanced Level Studies, Seychelles Tourism Academy, University of Seychelles Education, Seychelles Institute of Technology, Maritime Training Center, Seychelles Agricultural and Horticultural Training Center and the National Institute for Health and Social Studies. Cousin Island is home to a sanctuary for land birds, many endemic to the islands, including the Seychelles sunbird (a type of hummingbird) and the Seychelles brush warbler. In 1981, Mike Hoare led a team of 43 South African mercenaries masquerading as holidaying rugby players in the 1981 Seychelles coup d'état attempt. Seychelles hosts some of the largest seabird colonies in the world, notably on the outer islands of Aldabra and Cosmoledo. Moutya playing and dancing can often be seen at beach bazaars. 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